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66). 66 offers little stability. The simplicity of the pattern, transparent even at a brief, casual glance, lacks the discriminating sophistication of the "European" bonds. through-bonded to form an indivisible whole: the masonry structure. Developments in building science and scientific studies on wall composition have separated these components into independent parts according to the task they need to fulfil. The principal tasks are loadbearing, insulating, blocking and cladding. Each is now represented in an independent wall layer.

One of his most beautiful designs, Villa Wolf in Guben on the Neisse River, is realized with carefully proportioned, expansive brick masonry walls in Gothic bond (fig. 67). The captivating texture, terminating in soldier courses set into the bond, is almost painfully incised with openings without lintels, no doubt a horror to naïve purists of brickwork. diminished, resulting in a rather stolid overall appearance. Fritz Hoger proves his mastery of working with facing bricks in the church on Hohenzollernplatz in Berlin (fig.

A soft facing unit should be jointed with pure lime mortar and siliceous, gritty aggregates. Fig. 79 shows a carefully executed battlement wall, which has already been subjected to weather abrasion. 81 The lime-bonded grit is especially easy to recognize. Catalan masonry of prefabricated brick elements, 200 x 420 x 40 mm, similar to Roman bricks, such as Antonio Gaudi used in his buildings in Barcelona, have been used. Sintered units required cement additives. The surface of the joint must never be "ironed out" with the jointer because this will concentrate the binding agent on the surface of the joint; this results in fine fissures whose capillary effect "draws" rainwater into the joint.

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