Abd al-Malik by Chase Robinson

By Chase Robinson

'Abd al-Malik, who got here to prominence through the moment civil conflict of early Islam, governed the Islamic empire from 692 until eventually 705. not just did he effectively suppress uprising in the Muslim global and extend its frontiers, yet in lots of respects he based the empire itself. by way of approximately seven hundred, the sorts of a brand new realm, which stretched from North Arica within the west to Iran within the east, has taken transparent form with 'Abd al-Malik at its head. This ebook covers the beginnings and upward thrust to energy of this immensely influential caliph, in addition to his spiritual guidelines and suggestions, his financial, administrative and armed forces reforms, and his legacy, together with the Dome of the Rock, the oldest surviving huge construction erected by way of Muslims.

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Sa‘id’s claims, it seems reasonable that Marwan would have wished to have two sons succeed him: first, ‘Abd al-Malik, and then ‘Abd al-‘Aziz b. Marwan. In the end his wishes could not be fulfilled. ” We are fortunate to have a piece of inscription dated to 81/700 that describes al-Walid as the son of the commander of the faithful, ‘Abd al-Malik (see over). This must come from a time when he had been designated heir. Fragment of inscription from Qasr Burqu‘ If they are accepted as more or less accurate, accounts of the betrayal and brutal murder of ‘Amr b.

As a young man, he is also said to have campaigned in Syria, participating in the early and pivotal battle at Yarmuk (636), where a Byzantine army was routed. Ibn al-Zubayr thus had timing going for him. He had something more. He had been born to al-Zubayr, who was one of the Prophet’s closest Companions, and to Asma’, who was a daughter of none other than the caliph-to-be Abu Bakr, and a sister of ‘A’isha, one of Muhammad’s leading wives. The connection between Ibn al-Zubayr’s family and ‘A’isha was political as well as familial.

Shabib b. Yazid Kharijite rebel in Iraq. Sufyanids Family of the clan of Umayyads who ruled before the Marwanids. ‘Umar Second caliph (r. 634–644). ‘Uthman Third caliph and first Umayyad to rule (r. 644–656). al-Walid b. ‘Abd al-Malik ‘Abd al-Malik’s son and successor as caliph (r. 705–715). Yazid b. Mu‘awiya Mu‘awiya’s son and successor as caliph (r. 680–683). CHRONOLOGY 645 Birth of ‘Abd al-Malik 661 Accession of the caliph Mu‘awiya in Syria 680 Death of Mu‘awiya; succession of his son, Yazid; death of ‘Ali’s son, al-Husayn 683 Civil war begins; Battle of Harra; death of Yazid 684 Acclamation of Marwan as caliph in Jabiya 685 Acclamation of ‘Abd al-Malik as caliph; al-Mukhtar rebels in Iraq against Ibn al-Zubayr 689 Defeat and execution of ‘Amr b.

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