Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World (Evolution by Gerd Gigerenzer

By Gerd Gigerenzer

The place do new rules come from? what's social intelligence? Why do social scientists practice senseless statistical rituals? This important booklet is ready rethinking rationality as adaptive pondering: to appreciate how minds deal with their environments, either ecological and social.

Gerd Gigerenzer proposes and illustrates a daring new examine software that investigates the psychology of rationality, introducing the innovations of ecological, bounded, and social rationality. His path-breaking assortment takes study on pondering, social intelligence, creativity, and decision-making out of an airy global the place the legislation of common sense and chance reign, and areas it into our actual global of human habit and interplay. Adaptive Thinking is accessibly written for basic readers with an curiosity in psychology, cognitive technology, economics, sociology, philosophy, man made intelligence, and animal habit. It additionally teaches a realistic viewers, similar to physicians, AIDS counselors, and specialists in felony legislations, the way to comprehend and speak uncertainties and dangers.

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Extra info for Adaptive Thinking: Rationality in the Real World (Evolution and Cognition Series)

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Moreover, even subjectivists would not generally think of a discrepancy between confidence and relative frequency as a bias (see Kadane & Lichtenstein, 1982, for a discussion of conditions). For a subjectivist such as Bruno de Finetti, probability is about single events, but rationality is identified with the internal consistency of probability judgments. As de Finetti (1931/1989, p. " Nonetheless, the literature on overconfidence is largely silent on even the possibility of this conceptual problem (but see Keren, 1987).

Similarly, he argued that Clark L. Hull's fascination with conditioning machines has shaped Hull's thinking of behavior as if it were machine design. With the exception of Danziger's (1985, 1987) work on changing methodological practices in psychology and their impact on the kind of knowledge produced, however, there seems to exist no systematic research program on the power of familiar tools to shape new theories in psychology. But the history of science beyond psychology provides some striking instances of scientists' tools, both analytical and physical, that ended up as theories of nature.

More than that, I argue that for a considerable group of cognitive theories, neither induction from data nor lucky guesses played an important role. Rather, these innovations in theory can be accounted for by the tools-totheories heuristic. So can conceptual problems and possibilities in current theories. Scientists' tools are not neutral. In the present case, the mind has been re-created in their image. 25 2 Mind as Computer The Social Origin of a Metaphor Have philosophers of science spent too little time inside the laboratories to be drawn in by the glamour of technology?

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