By U. S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration
The complicated Avionics guide is a brand new ebook designed to supply common aviation clients with complete details on complex avionics apparatus to be had in technically complicated plane. This guide introduces the pilot to flight operations in plane with the newest built-in “glass cockpit” complicated avionics structures. This instruction manual is designed as a technical reference for pilots who function airplane with complex avionics platforms. no matter if flying a traditional plane that includes a worldwide positioning procedure (GPS) navigation receiver or a brand new plane with the most recent built-in “glass cockpit” complex avionics process, you might want to locate this guide beneficial in getting all started. the coming of latest expertise to common aviation plane has generated seen adjustments in 3 components: info, automation, and thoughts. Pilots now have an unparalleled quantity of knowledge on hand at their fingertips. digital flight tools use leading edge strategies to figure out plane perspective, velocity, and altitude, featuring a wealth of knowledge in a single or extra built-in shows. a collection of cockpit info structures presents pilots with facts approximately airplane place, deliberate direction, engine well-being and function, in addition to surrounding climate, site visitors, and terrain. complicated avionics structures can immediately practice many initiatives that pilots and navigators formerly did by means of hand. for instance, a space navigation (RNAV) or flight administration approach (FMS) unit accepts a listing of issues that outline a flight direction, and instantly plays lots of the path, distance, time, and gas calculations. as soon as en direction, the FMS or RNAV unit can regularly music the location of the plane with appreciate to the flight course, and exhibit the direction, time, and distance ultimate to every aspect alongside the deliberate course. An autopilot is able to immediately guidance the airplane alongside the path that has been entered within the FMS or RNAV method. complex avionics practice many capabilities and change the navigator and pilot in so much systems. despite the fact that, with the potential of failure in any given method, the pilot has to be in a position to practice the mandatory services within the occasion of an apparatus failure. Pilot skill to accomplish within the occasion of apparatus failure(s) capacity closing present and informed in reaching the guide projects, keeping regulate of the airplane manually (referring simply to standby or backup instrumentation), and adhering to the air site visitors keep watch over (ATC) clearance acquired or asked. Pilots of recent complex avionics plane needs to study and perform backup methods to keep up their abilities and information. danger administration ideas require the flight team to continually have a backup or replacement plan, and/or get away path. complex avionics plane relieve pilots of a lot of the minute-to-minute tedium of daily flights, yet call for even more preliminary and recurrent education to hold the talents and information essential to reply thoroughly to mess ups and emergencies. The FMS or RNAV unit and autopilot provide the pilot various tools of plane operation. Pilots can practice the navigational initiatives themselves and manually keep watch over the airplane, or decide to automate either one of those projects and think a managerial position because the structures practice their tasks. equally, details structures now to be had within the cockpit offer many thoughts for acquiring facts correct to the flight. complex avionics structures current 3 very important studying demanding situations as you improve skillability: 1. the way to function complicated avionics structures; 2. Which complex avionics structures to take advantage of and while; three. How complex avionics platforms impact the pilot and how the pilot flies
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Extra resources for Advanced Avionics Handbook (FAA-H-8083-6)
The most common switching mode is a GPS source to be automatically deselected when the VOR is set to an ILS localizer frequency and a signal is present. Typically, that is not a problem since the pilot intends to switch to the ILS anyway. However, the error arises upon missed approach, when the pilot selects another frequency to follow a VOR missed approach routing. At that point, some units revert back to the previous GPS or other RNAV routing selected instead of the VOR frequency that the pilot just picked.
100 122. 950 ATIS Ground Tower Unicom COM RING GPS WPT NRST OBS MSG FPL PROC Select the third subpage of the waypoint 1 page, which shows radio fequencies for any airport in the navigation datebase. Figure 3-21. Accessing communications frequencies in the FMS. Essential Skills 1. Select and monitor the en route portion of the programmed flight route, determining waypoint arrival, approving turn anticipation, and waypoint sequencing. 2. Approve or select the correct course automatically displayed or manually tuned.
Track The navigation display shows the aircraft’s track over the ground. The track, which is the result of aircraft heading and winds, tells you which direction the aircraft is actually flying. Winds make it likely that the track and heading will be different. You can get a very good sense of what the winds are doing by comparing the track and heading of the aircraft. 3-14 Many advanced avionics navigation units offer fuel calculations and fuel state monitoring. Some units automatically load the initial fuel load, while many require the pilot to correctly enter the amount of fuel into the unit as the beginning fuel on board.