By Rebecca L. Lankey, Paul T. Anastas
Advancing Sustainability via eco-friendly Chemistry and Engineering makes a speciality of the function that eco-friendly chemistry and engineering performs in the box of sustainable improvement and at the suggestions which are bringing the realm in the direction of being a sustainable society. This booklet explores the frontiers of toxins prevention via applied sciences which are on the leading edge of eco-friendly chemistry and engineering.
Topics coated comprise environmentally benign synthesis, prescription drugs, greener solvents, and bio-based synthesis and processing. As such, this quantity illustrates that eco-friendly chemistry and engineering are having reported affects in quite a lot of components inside of chemical layout, manufacture, and use. every one bankruptcy presents an in-depth therapy of the technical features of a particular eco-friendly chemistry and engineering innovation. It indicates how examine can be utilized in functional commercial purposes, equivalent to lowering power intake, lowering using poisonous and protracted fabrics, and lowering the intake of non-renewable assets. also, this ebook will serve either as a consultant for bettering present commercial practices and for designing destiny commercial structures resembling eco-industrial parks.
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Additional resources for Advancing Sustainability through Green Chemistry and Engineering (ACS Symposium Series)
Envir. Micro. 1987, 53, 2420-2425. ; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2002. 46 20. Keller, J. ; Plath, P. B . Financing Biotechnology Projects: Lender Due Diligence Requirements and the Role of Independent Technical Consultants. Appl. Biochem. Biotech. 1999, 77-79, 641-648. 21. Wyman, C. ; Goodman, B . J. Near Term Application of Biotechnology to Fuel Ethanol Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass. In Opportunities for Innovation in Biotechnology; Busche, R. ; NIST G C R 93-633; National Institute of Standards and Technology: Gaithersburg, M D , 1993; pp 151-190.
The emerging fields of biotechnology and bioprocessing provide the powerful tools needed to reach such a goal. Cellulosic biomass is made up of about 40 to 50% cellulose, 25 to 30% hemicellulose, 10 to 18% lignin, and lesser amounts of minerals, solubles, protein, and other components (/). Acids or enzymes can hydrolyze cellulose to glucose sugar while five sugars (arabinose, galactose, glucose, mannose, and xylose) are usually produced when acids or enzymes act on hemicellulose. As illustrated in Figure 2, these sugars can be fermented to various products such as ethanol and other alcohols, organic acids, glycols, and aldehydes, or the fermentation products or sugars themselves can be chemically transformed into products, opening up more possibilities (J, 9).
Braungart, M. The N E X T Industrial Revolution; Atlantic Monthly 1998, 282 (4), pp 82-92. 16. Stigliani, W. ; Anderberg, S. Industrial Metabolism and the Rhine Basin. Options (IIASA: Austria) 1991 (Sep). 17. Business Council for Sustainable Development-Gulf of Mexico. By -product Synergy: A Strategy for Sustainable Development; Radian International L L C : Austin, T X , 1997, p 4. 18. ; Warner, J. Green Chemistry: Theory and Practice. Oxford University Press: New York, 1998. 19. Anastas, P.
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