American Indian Tribes (Magill's Choice)(2 Volume Set) by R. Kent Rasmussen

By R. Kent Rasmussen

Quite a few American Indian tribes are surveyed from precedent days to the 20 th century during this reference assortment. The assurance beings with evaluation essays at the ten significant cultural/geographical components: Arctic, California, nice Basin, Northeast, Northwest Coast, Plains, Plateau, Southeast, Southwest, and Subarctic. those are by means of greater than three hundred alphabetically prepared entries on person tribes. The set concludes with ten appendices: academic associations and courses; fairs and Pow-wows; Museums, files, and Libraries; agencies, corporations, and Societies; Populations of U.S. Reservations; Reservations: US; Reserves and Bands: Canada; Time Line; Mediagraphy; and Bibliography. the ultimate merchandise during this impressive paintings is a entire topic index.

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It should be noted that the term “Eskimo” has engendered some controversy (with many Canadian Arctic natives, for example, preferring “Inuit”), but it is used here because it incorporates a large number of groups that cannot easily be united under any other term and because it has a long scientific tradition of usage. Environment. The Arctic culture area includes a wide range of environments both above and below the Arctic Circle and the tree line. In the 11 Arctic American Indian Tribes Arctic Culture Area Saint Lawrence Island Eskimo Siberian Eskimo West Alaskan Eskimo Aleut North Alaskan Eskimo Polar Eskimo East Greenland Eskimo Yupik South Alaskan Eskimo Mackenzie Eskimo Netsilik Copper Eskimo Caribou Eskimo West Greenland Eskimo Iglulik Baffin Island Eskimo Sallirinuit Quebec Inuit Labrador Coast Eskimo northern regions of Alaska, Canada, and Greenland, treeless Arctic tundra and a severe climate dominate.

Two major cultural-linguistic groups of Eskimos are recognized: the Yupik of southwestern and southern Alaska and the Inuit of North Alaska, Arctic Canada, and Greenland. It should be noted that the term “Eskimo” has engendered some controversy (with many Canadian Arctic natives, for example, preferring “Inuit”), but it is used here because it incorporates a large number of groups that cannot easily be united under any other term and because it has a long scientific tradition of usage. Environment.

Curing shamans were concerned primarily with treating illness, which was considered the result of taboo violation, a ghost, or spirit or object intrusion by a sorcerer. Shamans were skilled in ventriloquism and legerdemain, possessed songs, and had an impressive array of sacred items. Usually people did not seek power, as power was feared; its possession was considered dangerous, since it could impose considerable strain on the individual and could bring on accusations of sorcery. A primary individual religious concern was the avoidance and placation of ghosts and theriomorphic forms that inhabited an area if a person’s burial was hastened or improperly conducted, or if any other number of moral transgressions were committed by the living.

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