Analects: With Selections from Traditional Commentaries by Confucius

By Confucius

This variation is going past others that mostly depart readers to their very own units in knowing this cryptic paintings, by way of supplying an entrée into the textual content that parallels the normal chinese language approach of drawing close it: along Slingerland's beautiful rendering of the paintings are his translations of a variety of vintage chinese language commentaries that make clear tough passages, offer ancient and cultural context, and invite the reader to think about a variety of interpretations. the proper scholar version, this quantity additionally encompasses a basic creation, notes, a number of appendices--including a thesaurus of technical phrases, references to fashionable Western scholarship that time the best way for additional research, and an annotated bibliography.

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Again we have a disciple making the sort of conceptual leap that Confucius required of his students (cf. 8). The point grasped by Zixia is that the adornment provided by the rites is meant to build upon appropriate native emotions or tendencies. Just as all of the cosmetics in the world are of no avail if the basic lines of the face are not pleasing, so is the refinement provided by ritual forms of no help to one lacking in native substance. Cf. 18. ”3 Here the virtues of dutifulness and trustworthiness are presented as native talents that are the prerequisites for moral education.

According to later ritual texts, different ranks in society were allowed different numbers of dancers to perform outside the ancestral hall during ceremonial occasions: the Son of Heaven allowed eight rows of eight dancers, feudal lords six rows, ministers four rows, and official two rows. Although he was de facto ruler of Lu, the head of the Ji Family officially held only the position of minister, and his use of eight dancers thus represented an outrageous usurpation of the ritual prerogatives of the Zhou king.

The message here is related to the theme of possessing both “native substance” (zhi ) and “cultural refinement” (wen ) in their proper balance (cf. 18). 13 Master You said, “Trustworthiness comes close to rightness, in that your word can be counted upon. Reverence comes close to ritual propriety, in that it 6 Confucius Analects allows you to keep shame and public disgrace at a distance. ” Described here are secondary virtues that allow one to live a respectable life, but that lack the flexibility and subtlety of the primary virtues.

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