Architecture and the Welfare State by Mark Swenarton, Tom Avermaete, Dirk van den Heuvel

By Mark Swenarton, Tom Avermaete, Dirk van den Heuvel

In the many years following international battle , and partially in line with the chilly battle, governments throughout Western Europe set out formidable programmes for social welfare and the redistribution of wealth that aimed to enhance the typical lives in their electorate. a lot of those welfare nation programmes - housing, colleges, new cities, cultural and leisure centres – concerned not only building yet a brand new method of architectural layout, during which the welfare targets of those state-funded programmes have been delineated and debated. The impression on architects and architectural layout used to be profound and far-reaching, with welfare kingdom initiatives relocating centre-stage in architectural discourse not only in Europe yet worldwide.

This is the 1st booklet to discover the structure of the welfare kingdom in Western Europe from a world point of view. With chapters protecting Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Sweden and the united kingdom, the ebook explores the complicated position performed through structure within the formation and improvement of the welfare country in either thought and perform.

Themes include: 

  • the position of the outfitted setting within the welfare nation as a political venture
  • the colonial measurement of eu welfare nation structure and its ‘export’ to Africa and Asia
  • the position of welfare kingdom initiatives in selling customer tradition and fiscal growth
  •  the photo of the collective produced by means of welfare nation architecture
  • the function of architectural innovation within the welfare state
  •  the position of the architect, in preference to building businesses and others, in identifying what was once built
  • the courting among architectural and social theory
  • the position of inner institutional critique and the counterculture.

Contributors contain: Tom Avermaete, Eve Blau, Nicholas Bullock, Miles Glendinning, Janina Gosseye, Hilde Heynen, Caroline Maniaque-Benton, Helena Mattsson, Luca Molinari, Simon Pepper, Michelle Provoost, Lukasz Stanek, Mark Swenarton, Florian city and Dirk van den Heuvel.

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Sample text

37 In general, appreciation of Vienna’s historical fabric and distinctive spatial morphologies increased over the course of the 1970s. The architecture and urban project of Red Vienna in particular became both reference and critical focus. Interest in Red Vienna’s architecture was spurred by the revisionist trend in architectural history during those years. But it was also motivated by the revival of interest in the theory and politics of Austro-Marxism, as Euro-communist and socialist groups (particularly after 1968) renewed their efforts to find a ‘third way’ between orthodox MarxistLeninism and reformist socialism.

The connection of politics and social action with architecture and urban form was direct. The urban architectural strategies developed over time were embedded in the fabric of the city, where they were legible to subsequent generations of practitioners (architects and planning officials) and available for application to conditions and contexts that may have had little to do with the original context in which they were developed. In this way the strategies of the 1920s for socializing the spaces of the bourgeois city by interpolating superblocks into the old city fabric informed the strategies of architects in the 1960s for generating new urban fabric on ex-urban sites, and both those previous episodes inform the efforts of planning officials and architects today to deal with current issues of immigration, diversity, preservation and postindustrial decay.

With the defeat of the central powers in the First World War, the empire of Austria-Hungary dissolved into the new national states of Central Europe – including the ‘residual’ Republic of Austria – ratified by the Treaty of St. Germain in 1919. Vienna, the capital, emerged from the war diminished and on the edge of economic collapse and famine. No longer the seat of a vast empire but, instead, of a small cluster of rural and alpine provinces, Vienna was still a metropolis of almost two million inhabitants, a number now equal to one-third of the population of the country.

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