Behavior of Marine Animals: Current Perspectives in Research by William F. Herrnkind (auth.), Howard E. Winn, Bori L. Olla

By William F. Herrnkind (auth.), Howard E. Winn, Bori L. Olla (eds.)

What were introduced jointly in those volumes are works symbolize­ ing various glossy quantitative reports on a decide on team of marine organisms. many of the species studied the following symbolize easy organic ex­ perimental subjects-in a few instances, marine models of the white rat and pigeon-that are getting used for a variety of stories. different species studied have been nearly unknown as experimental animals. The authors have studied their animals in enormous intensity, usually in either the sector and the laboratory. it truly is this move reference among actual existence and the substitute yet managed stipulations of the laboratory which supplies us the mandatory figuring out, and finally the capacity, for bettering our speedily deteriorating atmosphere, a needs to for man's survival, upkeep, and development of the standard of residing criteria. an immediate outgrowth of a AAAS symposium entitled "Recent Advances within the habit of Marine Organisms" held in December 1966, those vol­ umes comprise an inexpensive stability among assessment and unique unpublished learn. Of the numerous people who've made those volumes attainable, we want to in particular thank Nancy Fish, Lois Winn, Mabel Trafford, and Deborah Brennan. The latter finished many of the ultimate editorial paintings. The body of workers of Plenum Press have been cooperative in all elements of our rela­ tionship. in basic terms the 2 editors are accountable for defects within the volumes. We think the papers provided are major and may be of significance to participants of the clinical community.

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Extra info for Behavior of Marine Animals: Current Perspectives in Research Volume 1: Invertebrates

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Temporal Features Knowledge of biological clock operation in fiddler crabs as it integrates orientation to celestial cues is inadequate despite the voluminous research on activity, metabolism, and chromatophore rhythms (Brown, 1961; Barnwell, 1968). The orientation clock in Uca should be analyzed in similar fashion to, and to the same extent as, that in other arthropods (von Frisch, 1967) and fishes (Hasler, 1967), since the available information only indicates its role and operational characteristics.

Summary of Organismic Characteristics, Behavioral Ecology, and Orientation of Sand Fiddlers, Uca pugilator, During Ontogeny i ~ ~ ~ Orientation in Shore-Living Arthropods 27 beach (or from females held and bred in the laboratory). The larvae and early instars were raised completely indoors (details in Herrnkind, 1968c) under diffuse artificial light and were not exposed to a simulated shore or the sun. Responses of both groups were tested, as will be described, and compared to determine the influence of environmental experience, obtained by the wild crabs, on the basic spontaneous repertoire demonstrated by naive, laboratoryreared crabs.

W, water; BA, burrow areas. Bottom: A scattered distribution, in response to celestial cues, by crabs from this latter region. N IJQ I I 5' I o W. F. Herrnkind 22 tests or in view of the sky. Apparently, they do not have to reset their directional reference, relative to celestial cues, when they emerge after 6-18 hr below ground over a tidal cycle or overnight. A tidal influence on directional tendency, superimposed on the above solar day compensation, appears in crabs left undisturbed underwater in celestial test chambers and monitored for several days (Table I).

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