By United Nations
This e-book marks the fortieth anniversary of the United international locations convention on exchange and improvement (UNCTAD) by way of commencing a suite of case experiences ready by way of UNCTAD employees which debate the organisation's analytical learn and coverage paintings to advertise the overseas alternate and financial improvement of constructing international locations. It additionally seems at how UNCTAD's paintings has developed given that its institution in 1964, in line with adjustments on the earth economic climate because of globalisation, institutional alterations comparable to the construction of the WTO, and ideological shifts in improvement considering.
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Extra resources for Beyond Conventional Wisdom in Development Policy: An Intellectual History of UNCTAD 1964-2004 (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development)
This direction of UNCTAD’s work was actively exploited (although without meaningful success) by the former socialist countries of Eastern Europe to fight against their discriminatory treatment in East-West trade. Also, for more than two decades (from the mid1960s to the end of the 1980s), UNCTAD was a pioneer in exploring and designing new forms of trade and economic cooperation between developing countries and the socialist countries of Eastern Europe based on the realities of a centrally-planned system in the latter.
As a matter of fact, there was a rising cycle of intellectual contributions that has focused on research and analysis, particularly on critically assessing the new conventional wisdom and seeking to reconstruct an alternative approach to development. However, the link between research and analysis on the one hand and policy proposals for negotiations on the other progressively weakened. In particular the topics that used to be important in the early years of UNCTAD - notably commodities, shipping and technology - were downsized.
Among a long list of proposals for action presented by the secretariat was that of “identifying the content and scope of future multilateral trade negotiations”. Conference resolution 159(VI), “International Trade in Goods and Services: Protectionism, Structural Adjustment and the International Trading System”, embodied this new perception of the role of developing countries in the international trading system. e. given by developed countries on a voluntary basis) was nullified by other policy actions legitimized by the system that effectively discriminated against the developing countries.
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