Big Gods: How Religion Transformed Cooperation and Conflict by Ara Norenzayan

By Ara Norenzayan

How did human societies scale up from tight-knit teams of hunter-gatherers to the massive, nameless, cooperative societies of today--even notwithstanding anonymity is the enemy of cooperation? How did prepared religions with "Big Gods"--the nice monotheistic and polytheistic faiths--spread to colonize such a lot minds on this planet? In Big Gods, Ara Norenzayan makes the brilliant argument that those primary puzzles in regards to the origins of civilization resolution every one other.

Sincere religion in watchful titanic Gods unleashed unparalleled cooperation inside of ever-expanding teams, but whilst it brought a brand new resource of power clash among competing teams. And in a few elements of the area, societies with atheist majorities--some of the main cooperative and filthy rich within the world--have climbed religion's ladder, after which kicked it away.

Big Gods" solutions primary questions on the origins and unfold of global religions and is helping us comprehend the increase of cooperative societies with out trust in gods.

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Extra info for Big Gods: How Religion Transformed Cooperation and Conflict

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Il revint le lendemain plein d'ardeur et les yeux brillants d'interrogation. Alain Naudé – Je voudrais, si vous le voulez bien, pousser plus avant l'examen de cette question: comment je dois vivre dans ce monde? Vraiment, je comprends maintenant avec mon cœur et avec mon esprit, comme vous l'avez expliqué hier, la complète vanité des idéaux. Cela a été une grande lutte intérieure mais j'en suis venu à constater la trivialité des idéaux. Vous dites, n'est-ce pas, que quand ont disparu les idéaux et les évasions il ne reste que le passé, cette accumulation de journées écoulées qui constituent le moi, par conséquent, quand je demande: « Comment puis-je vivre dans le monde?

Votre vision alors s'étend au loin. Quand cette structure du passé vous tient complètement à la gorge vous acceptez, vous vous inclinez, vous obéissez, vous suivez, vous croyez. Dès que vous prenez conscience de l'absence de liberté de tout ce processus, vous commencez à vous élever au-dessus. Donc, nous demandons à nouveau: qu'est-ce que le changement, qu'est-ce que la révolution? Le changement n'est pas un mouvement allant du connu au connu, ce |que sont toutes les révolutions politiques. Nous ne parlons pas de ce genre de changement.

Alain Naudé – En est-il ainsi? Je comprends ce qui est. Je comprends la bestialité de la guerre, la laideur du meurtre, et c'est parce que je comprends tout cela que j'ai un idéal qui nie le meurtre. Cet idéal est né de la compréhension que j'ai de ce qui est et, par conséquent, cela n'est pas une évasion. Krishnamurti – Si vous comprenez que c'est affreux de tuer, vous faut-il un idéal pour ne pas tuer? Peut-être ne voyons-nous pas clairement le sens du mot compréhension. Quand nous disons que nous comprenons une chose cela implique, n'est-il pas vrai, que nous avons saisi tout ce qu'elle peut nous dire?

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