Big Gods: How Religion Transformed Cooperation and Conflict by Ara Norenzayan

By Ara Norenzayan

How did human societies scale up from tight-knit teams of hunter-gatherers to the massive, nameless, cooperative societies of today--even notwithstanding anonymity is the enemy of cooperation? How did prepared religions with "Big Gods"--the nice monotheistic and polytheistic faiths--spread to colonize such a lot minds on this planet? In Big Gods, Ara Norenzayan makes the brilliant argument that those primary puzzles in regards to the origins of civilization resolution every one other.

Sincere religion in watchful titanic Gods unleashed unparalleled cooperation inside of ever-expanding teams, but whilst it brought a brand new resource of power clash among competing teams. And in a few elements of the area, societies with atheist majorities--some of the main cooperative and filthy rich within the world--have climbed religion's ladder, after which kicked it away.

Big Gods" solutions primary questions on the origins and unfold of global religions and is helping us comprehend the increase of cooperative societies with out trust in gods.

Show description

go to link Read Online or Download Big Gods: How Religion Transformed Cooperation and Conflict PDF

Similar religion books

The Pope's Jews: The Vatican's Secret Plan to Save Jews from the Nazis

This revelatory account of the way the Vatican kept hundreds of thousands of Jews in the course of WWII exhibits why heritage needs to exonerate "Hitler's Pope"


Accused of being “silent” in the course of the Holocaust, Pope Pius XII and the Vatican of global conflict II are now exonerated in Gordon Thomas’s latest investigative paintings, The Pope's Jews.  Thomas’s cautious study into new, first-hand bills reveal an underground community of clergymen, nuns and voters that risked their lives day-by-day to guard Roman Jews.

Investigating assassination plots, conspiracies, and mystery conversions, Thomas unveils faked documentation, quarantines, and extra amazing activities taken through Catholics and the Vatican. The Pope's Jews finally solutions the nice ethical query of the conflict: Why did Pope Pius XII refuse to sentence the genocide of Europe's Jews?

The Age of Atheists: How We Have Sought to Live Since the Death of God

From certainly one of Britain’s so much distinct historians comes the stirring tale of 1 of the fashionable world’s most crucial but arguable highbrow achievements: atheism.

Since Friedrich Nietzsche roundly declared that “God is dead” in 1882, a raft of reflective and brave participants have dedicated their inventive energies to devising how you can dwell with no Him, turning as an alternative to invention, enthusiasm, desire, wit and, peculiarly, a variety of kinds of self-reliance. Their courageous, innovative tale has long gone untold—until now. within the Age of Atheists, acclaimed historian Peter Watson deals a sweeping narrative of the secular philosophers and poets, psychologists and scientists, painters and playwrights, novelists or even choreographers who've solid an exhilarating, daring course within the absence of non secular belief.

Synthesizing approximately a century and a 1/2 contemporary heritage, The Age of Atheists is a beautiful, magisterial social gathering of existence with no recourse to the supernatural.

From Paul Valéry and George Santayana to Richard Rorty and Ronald Dworkin, from Georges- Pierre Seurat and Constantin Brâncuşi to Jackson Pollock and Robert Rauschenberg, from André Gide to Philip Roth, from Rudolf Laban to Merce Cunningham, from Henrik Ibsen to Samuel Beckett, from Wallace Stevens and Rainer Maria Rilke to Elizabeth Bishop and Czesław Miłosz, from Sigmund Freud and Benjamin Spock to E. O. Wilson and Sam Harris, The Age of Atheists brilliantly explores how atheism has developed, deepened and matured, and received unparalleled resonance and recognition because it has sought to switch an unknowable God within the afterlife with the voluptuous element and heat of this existence, to be present in paintings, philosophy and technological know-how, all woven right into a rational, secular morality.

Atheism has had its proportion of ideologues, tyrants and charlatans, however it is particularly a historical past of courageous accomplishment—and person who is way from finished.

From Nietzsche and his nihilism to Dawkins and Dennett, Nagel and Habermas, Watson’s stimu­lating highbrow narrative explores the innovative rules and massive questions provoked through those nice minds and events. A glowing and finally trium­phant background, The Age of Atheists is the 1st complete tale of our efforts to dwell with no God.

Lessing's Philosophy of Religion and the German Enlightenment (AAR Reflection and Theory in the Study of Religion)

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729-81) stands as a key determine in German highbrow historical past, a bridge becoming a member of Luther, Leibniz, and German idealism. regardless of his well-recognized value within the heritage of suggestion, Lessing as theologian or thinker of faith is still an enigmatic determine. students check with the "riddle" or "mystery" of Lessing, a secret that has proved intractable due to his reticence with regards to the ultimate conclusions of his highbrow undertaking.

Interpreting early Hellenistic religion: A study based on the mystery cult of Demeter and the cult of Isis (Papers and monographs of the Finnish Institute at Athens)

I creation (pp. 1-11)
II method (pp. 13-21)
III The cults of Demeter and Isis in early Hellenistic Athens - alterations of faith (pp. 23-64)
IV challenge of the mysteries (pp. 65-83)
V Definitions: re-examination of innovations (pp. 85-130)
VI end (pp. 131-137)

Extra info for Big Gods: How Religion Transformed Cooperation and Conflict

Example text

Il revint le lendemain plein d'ardeur et les yeux brillants d'interrogation. Alain Naudé – Je voudrais, si vous le voulez bien, pousser plus avant l'examen de cette question: comment je dois vivre dans ce monde? Vraiment, je comprends maintenant avec mon cœur et avec mon esprit, comme vous l'avez expliqué hier, la complète vanité des idéaux. Cela a été une grande lutte intérieure mais j'en suis venu à constater la trivialité des idéaux. Vous dites, n'est-ce pas, que quand ont disparu les idéaux et les évasions il ne reste que le passé, cette accumulation de journées écoulées qui constituent le moi, par conséquent, quand je demande: « Comment puis-je vivre dans le monde?

Votre vision alors s'étend au loin. Quand cette structure du passé vous tient complètement à la gorge vous acceptez, vous vous inclinez, vous obéissez, vous suivez, vous croyez. Dès que vous prenez conscience de l'absence de liberté de tout ce processus, vous commencez à vous élever au-dessus. Donc, nous demandons à nouveau: qu'est-ce que le changement, qu'est-ce que la révolution? Le changement n'est pas un mouvement allant du connu au connu, ce |que sont toutes les révolutions politiques. Nous ne parlons pas de ce genre de changement.

Alain Naudé – En est-il ainsi? Je comprends ce qui est. Je comprends la bestialité de la guerre, la laideur du meurtre, et c'est parce que je comprends tout cela que j'ai un idéal qui nie le meurtre. Cet idéal est né de la compréhension que j'ai de ce qui est et, par conséquent, cela n'est pas une évasion. Krishnamurti – Si vous comprenez que c'est affreux de tuer, vous faut-il un idéal pour ne pas tuer? Peut-être ne voyons-nous pas clairement le sens du mot compréhension. Quand nous disons que nous comprenons une chose cela implique, n'est-il pas vrai, que nous avons saisi tout ce qu'elle peut nous dire?

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.80 of 5 – based on 9 votes

Categories: Religion